Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions is the coordinating agency of the Government of India for personnel matters such as recruitment, training, post retirement dispensation, etc.
- Department of Personnel and Training
- Department of Pension and Pensioners’ Welfare
- Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG)
Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT)
Central Administrative Tribunal is a statutory body established by the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985, under provisions of the Article 323A (Administrative Tribunals) of the Constitution of India. It provides adjudication in disputes related to recruitment and conditions of service of persons employed in public services.
Its jurisdiction extends to Central Government employees (of all civil services) and other employees who have been notified, but does not apply to members of paramilitary forces, armed forces of the Union, officers or employees of the Supreme Court, or persons appointed to the Secretariat Staff of either House of Parliament or the State/Union Territory Legislatures.
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)
CVC is an autonomous body, set up in 1964 on the recommendations of the Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption, and given statutory status by the CVC Act 2003. It coordinates and monitors all vigilance activity under the government. It is also the nodal agency to obtain sanction for prosecution of government employees.
CVC is an advisory body. Government departments are free to accept of reject its advice. It is not an investigative agency, and relies on disclosures by government departments and services of agencies such as CBI for its investigations.
Jurisdiction of CVC is very wide, and includes members of All India Services serving in connection with the affairs of the Union, Group A officers of the Central Government, Officers of rank of scale V and above in the Public Sector Banks, Officers in Grade D and above in RBI, NABARD and SIDBI, Managers and above in General Insurance Companies, etc.
Private sector banks are out of the CVC’s purview, but CVC can still probe private banks in relation to a case involving corruption. This was okayed by the RBI in 2017, following a 2016 ruling by the Supreme Court which said that the chairman, managing directors and other officers could be seen as public servants when it comes to Prevention of Corruption Act 1988.
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
CBI is the premier investigating agency of India, and the nodal agency for inter-state and international cooperation in law enforcement. It was established in 1963, and derives its powers from DSPE (Delhi Special Police Establishment) Act, 1946. It is not a statutory organisation.
The Director of CBI has been given a security of two-year tenure by the CVC Act, 2003.
CIC – Central Information Commission
CIC is a statutory body established under the Right to Information (RTI) Act 2005. It looks into grievances related to implementation of the RTI Act.
CIC has powers of a civil court. It can cause to be laid before it any public record. It can order inquiry into any matter suo-moto. It can secure compliance of its orders from all Central Public Authorities, and can impose a fine or appoint a Public Information Officer (PIO) in organisations which are not adhering to the RTI Act.
Jurisdiction of CIC extends to central public authorities, while at state level, similar organisations called State Information Commissions (SIC) are formed under the RTI Act. SICs have jurisdiction over respective state public authorities and enjoy similar powers as CIC.
UPSC – Union Public Service Commission
UPSC is a constitutional authority, that serves as the central recruiting agency for All India services, and group A & B posts of the Central services.
Limitations: UPSC advises the government on recruitment related matters, but the advice is not binding on the government. It is also not consulted for highest diplomatic posts. UPSC is not concerned with the classification of services, pay and service conditions, cadre management, training, etc. These matters are handled by Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT). UPSC is just a central recruiting agency, DoPT is the central personnel agency.
SSC – Staff Selection Commission
SSC is an attached office of the DoPT, and is responsible for recruitment of staff for various Group C & D posts under the various ministries and departments of Government of India. It is not a statutory body.
- Anubhav portal – for retired government employees to share their experience and suggestions with the government.
- Administrative reforms initiatives, and Prime Minister’s Awards for Excellence in Public Administration.
- Centralized Pensioners Grievance Redress and Monitoring System
- CPGRAMS – Centralised Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System – a web based system for registering grievances by a citizen online regarding any organisation of Government of India.
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) and Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) were formed on the recommendation of Santhanam Committee (1962) on Prevention of Corruption. The Committee also released (in 1976) the Code of Conduct for persons in power, authority or positions of trust in our country.
The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act 2013