Ministry of Power is responsible for regulating production, transmission, and distribution of electricity, and implementation of electricity related laws and regulations including the Electricity Act 2003.
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) is a statutory body, set up under Energy Conservation Act 2001, with the aim of improving energy efficiency of the Indian economy. All electrical appliances sold in India mandatorily need to bear BEE star labels, that indicate the energy efficiency of the appliance.
Central Electricity Authority (CEA)
Central Electricity Authority is a statutory body under the Electricity Act 2003. It is the apex policy advisory body for electricity sector, and is responsible for making regulations, grid standards for safe functioning of electricity systems in the country.
EESL – Energy Efficiency Services Limited
EESL is a joint venture of four PSUs under the Ministry of Power (including – NTPC, Power FinCorp), and leads the market related activities of the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, that is one of the eight missions under NAPCC (National Action Plan on Climate Change). It implements the energy efficiency schemes of the ministry, including UJALA, SLNP, AgDSM (shown below).
Schemes and Initiatives:
For improving Energy Efficiency:
- UJALA (Unnat Jyoti Affordable LEDs for all) programme distributes LED bulbs and energy efficient fans at reduced prices to consumers through authorised partners across the country. The programme uses an innovative zero subsidy model, whereby the lower cost of LEDs is not due to subsidies, but is rather a result of demand aggregation by the EESL.
- Street Lighting National Programme – Under this programme, old halogen bulbs in street lights are replaced by new LED lights to conserve power.
- AgDSM – Agriculture Demand Side Management – The scheme seeks to address issues related to peak hour electricity demand, by influencing farmers’ electricity consumption pattern. Under the scheme, agricultural electricity usage is shifted to off-peak hours, and old pumps are replaced with new BEE star rated pumps to reduce electricity demand.
For improving Electricity coverage and accessibility
- Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) – IPDS is a priority programme of the government, that aims to improve sub-transmission and distribution networks in order to ensure 24*7 uninterrupted power in urban areas. Power Finance Corporation Ltd. is the nodal agency for its implementation.
- DDUGJY – Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana. DDUGJY is the scheme for rural electrification, implemented through the nodal agency – Rural Electrification Corporation (REC), a navratna company under Ministry of Power.
- Saubhagya (sahaj bijli har ghar yojana) scheme aims for universal household electrification in the country.
For revival of power transmission companies, UDAY (Ujjwal Discom Assurance Yojana) scheme was launched in 2015 as a financial turnaround and revival package for electricity distribution companies. The scheme allows state governments to take over the debt of the discoms that they own, and pay back the lenders by selling bonds.
National E-mobility Programme
National E-mobility Programme aims to provide impetus to entire e-mobility ecosystem including vehicle manufacturers, charging infrastructure providers, etc. It envisages a future where 30% of all vehicles will be electric vehicles. EESL is the implementing agency for this programme, which will aggregate demand by procuring electric vehicles in bulk to get economies of scale, thereby making electric vehicles affordable.
This programme should not be confused with similar sounding – National Electric Mobility Mission 2020, that is under the Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises.
More schemes at a glance:
- National Power Portal (NPP), Tarang app – transmission real time monitoring.
- URJA app – urban jyoti abhiyan – for consumer complaints redressal.
More related information:
In May 2018, the Government of India announced that it has achieved electrification of 100% of the villages in the country. A village is considered to be electrified when at least 10% of its households have an electricity connection. Universal electrification, i.e. continuous power supply to every household, is a goal yet to be achieved.
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)
National Electric Mobility Mission Plan, under Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises.
Energy Mixture of India
Energy Security Scenario of India