Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) was set up in 2006, by renaming the former Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, with the aim of promoting new forms of energy to supplement, and further substitute, the fossil based sources of power and thereby enhance India’s energy security. New and Renewable energy includes wind power, small hydropower, biofuel, and solar power.
Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) is a Non-Bank Financial Company (NBFC) under the MNRE, tasked to provide term loans for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.
Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) is set up as a non-profit company, to serve as an instrument of policy implementation, under the administrative control of MNRE. It undertakes activities such as construction of solar power plants – off grid and grid connected, implementation of solar rooftop scheme, development and dissemination of low cost solar lanterns, R&D, etc.
Autonomous institutions for conducting and coordinating research and development in the respective fields:
- National Institute of Solar Energy
- National Institute of Wind Energy
- SSS National Institute of Renewable Energy
Association of Renewable Energy Agencies of States (AREAS)
The programmes of the MNRE are implemented in close coordination with State Nodal Agencies (SNA) for Renewable Energy. To facilitate interaction and exchange between the SNAs, Association of Renewable Energy Agencies of States (AREAS) has been set up, as a society in 2014, with the initiative of the MNRE.
Activities, Initiatives, Schemes:
MNRE implements many schemes for promotion of Off-Grid and Grid Connected solar power generation, including a scheme that provides subsidised solar pumps to farmers. It also runs programmes to develop human resource pool for renewable energy industry, including the Suryamitra Skill development programme.
National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP) promotes setting up of family type biogas plants, with support from state agencies and KVIC (Khadi and Village Industries Commission).
GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) is a rating system that rates buildings according to their environment friendliness and energy efficiency. The rating is given by MNRE in collaboration with TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute).
PACESetter Fund (Partnership to Advance Clean Energy), set up in 2015 is an India-US collaboration for promoting innovative off-grid clean energy solutions. It gives early stage funding to businesses to develop and test their technology, and to accelerate their commercialisation.
Solar Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPOs) and Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) framework
Under this framework, state governments and mandated to ensure that a certain share of their state’s energy consumption be sourced from renewable energy sources. State-wise solar RPO targets are regularly set and monitored by the MNRE. States which are unable to meet their Renewable Purchase Obligation targets, due to any reason including non-availability of renewable energy, can rather purchase Renewable Energy Certificates (REC) traded on Indian Energy Exchange and Power Exchange of India Limited.
National Policy on Bio-fuels, 2018
Objective of this policy is to expand the scope of raw material for ethanol production by use of sugar containing materials, starch containing materials, damaged food crops, etc.
Bio-fuel is any hydrocarbon fuel produced from living or organic matter, usually plants. The National Policy on Biofuels converges inter-ministerial framework for biofuel industry, and categorises biofuels into three classes. It also provides for fiscal incentives such as viability gap funding for promotion of bio-refineries.
- 1st generation basic biofuels are derived from food crops, such as wheat and sugar.
- 2nd generation biofuels are based on non-food crops such as wood, grass and organic waste.
- 3rd generation biofuels are derived through advanced techniques such as ‘bio-engineered algae’.
National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy 2017